Propolis is a resinous mixture that bees collect from tree buds, sap flows, and other botanical sources. Bees use propolis to seal cracks and gaps in the hive and to protect the hive from bacteria, viruses, and other harmful microorganisms. Propolis has been used in traditional medicine for centuries, and it has recently gained popularity in skincare.
Propolis extract contains various bioactive compounds, including flavonoids, phenolic acids, terpenoids, and enzymes. These compounds have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial properties that may benefit the skin.
When applied to the skin, propolis extract may help to:
- Moisturize and soothe dry, irritated skin
- Reduce inflammation and redness
- Promote collagen production and skin elasticity
- Protect against environmental stressors such as pollution and UV radiation
- Prevent and treat acne and other skin infections.
Overall, propolis extract is a promising natural ingredient for skincare products, especially for those with sensitive or acne-prone skin. However, it is important to note that propolis may cause allergic reactions in some individuals, so patch testing is recommended before using products containing propolis extract.